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The telecom sector has covered a considerable distance in the previous decade where it made offloading data to Wi-Fi networks a common incidence, and machine-to-machine (M2M) communications an outdated term which has been replaced by Internet of Things.
Fremont, CA: The last decade i.e., 2010 -2019 started with the introduction of LTE and ended with the deployment of 5G. With the onset of a new decade in 2010, LTE was a buzzword, network congestion was at its high, and software-defined networking was just a group of the protocol. The telecom sector has covered a considerable distance in the previous decade where it made offloading data to Wi-Fi networks a common incidence, and machine-to-machine (M2M) communications an outdated term which has been replaced by Internet of Things. SDN became a vital part of the 5G future.
Here are the 3 most significant technological changes that took place in the last decade and shaped the way wireless network work
End of CDMA and GSM Battle
With the nationwide launch of the LTE network by Verizon in 2010, the U.S. became the wireless network technology leader in the world. Previously, Europe was the leader in GSM technology, and Asia lead the CDMA technology while the U.S. was only a mere follower. The launch of Verizon's LTE moved the operators off the CDMA network path and put pressure on rival AT&T, who was a GSM operator then, to move to LTE.
Internet of Things Became Part of Business Models
Though the term Internet of Things(IoT) was introduced in the year 1999, it gained momentum only in the last decade. It became the contemporary word for what the industry referred to as M2M or machine-to-machine communications. Operators began to look at IoT as one of the feasible business with long-term potential. In 2017, AT&T and Verizon deployed LTE-M networks to handle the huge IoT traffic, thus replacing the traditional 2G and 3G networks that were used by the operators to manage the traffic previously. The first nationwide narrowband-IoT network was launched in 2019 by T-mobile.
Combined Spectrum with Carrier Aggregation
Carrier aggregation comes with a number of benefits. It is a technique that combines multiple frequency blocks of spectrum and assigns them to the same user as a way to increase the data rate. Operators started deploying this advanced feature of LTE in 2014 to provide more bandwidth to users. This feature manages spectrum resources and also increases network capacity, improve load balancing on wireless networks, and deliver higher peak data speeds.
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