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FREMONT, CA: A revamp in the agricultural industry has been long overdue. With extreme climatic changes, increasing occurrence of crop diseases, water shortage and rising populations that demand high yields, agriculture is facing a host of issues. The Internet of Things (IoT) can play a significant role in the digital transformation of the agricultural industry and address the problems that the industry is now facing all over the world.
The sophisticated applications of IoT can transform agriculture into smart agriculture. Sensors in the agricultural fields can help farmers collect a vast amount of data regarding various factors that aid or prevent good yields. This data can be of great value when analyzing the outputs as well as the efficiency of the processes by tracking trends and helping discover patterns. The analysis that farmers will carry out using technology aided by IoT will help in predictions and thereby minimize potential loss owing to overproduction, diseases, climatic factors, and other anomalies. The various processes can be automated, and that will increase the efficiency resulting in better crops and better practices.
Precision farming is a direct outcome of smart agriculture that uses IoT. Precision farming refers to agriculture, which is made more accurate and controlled. Various factors are considered and controlled by the use of devices and high-speed internet connections. Weather prediction through specialized equipment at the site of agriculture, precision irrigation using sensors, and soil moisture probes to help study the optimum water content for maximum yield are some examples of how precision is brought about in farming practices. Greenhouse farming is also a methodology that uses automated control of factors that can determine and improve the yield of fruits and vegetables. The conditions that are difficult to manage manually can be easily handled and manipulated using technology.
Agricultural drones comprise an essential development in smart agriculture. These drones driven by IoT can carry out functions like irrigation, spraying of insecticides and pesticides, monitoring and assessment of crops, as well as soil and field assessment. The drones, equipped with devices that farmers can count on for providing valuable data, are instrumental.
The cost of incorporating IoT into the agricultural sector can vary a lot depending on the extent of applications and level of dependence on technology, but the benefits are universal. Reduction in cost, better yields, improved sustainability and less reliance on manual labor are the major advantages for stakeholders in the sector.
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